## About Present Value Annuity Due Calculator

The Present Value Annuity Due Calculator helps you calculate the present value annuity due, which is used to determine the present value of a series of equal and consecutive payments that last for a certain period, but the payments start at the beginning of each time period and the last payment stops one period before the end of the specified time period.

## Formula

The present value annuity due calculation formula is as follows:

Where:

PVAD = present value annuity due

C = amount of equal payments

r = interest rate per period

t = number of time periods

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